Dark Spots on Face, What’s the Difference?

Spotless, flawless, and silken smooth- who isn’t fond of such skin? Unfortunately, if you have dark spots on your face, they can conceal your pretty skin. Several factors can cause these spots to appear on the skin, but the most common culprit is hyperpigmentation. 

Hyperpigmentation is caused by the excessive production of a pigment known as Melanin. As a result, brown patches appear on the skin. The question is, what causes our skin to produce excess melanin?

Typically, sun exposure is to blame. However, other factors like genes and acne breakouts also count. Note that hyperpigmentation may also appear in the form of freckles and melasma, in addition to dark spots. 

Luckily, you can get rid of dark spots. But what is the best treatment for dark spots on your skin?

In this article, we have compiled home remedies and dermatologist treatment for dark spots on face. 

Dark Spots, Melasma, and Freckles, What’s the Difference? 

Woman with dark spots on her skin.

When you hear the word “dark spots,” you might assume they are all alike. However, they come in various forms. Let’s break it down.

Dark Spots

Dark spots appear in the form of brown patches, which vary in size. You can experience them anywhere on your skin, but they are more likely to appear on your face, shoulders, and arms.

Prolonged exposure to the sun, especially on summer days, causes your skin to produce excess melanin. This, in turn, results in the appearance of brown spots. Other factors can also contribute, such as:

  • An injury as a result of cut or burn
  • Intake of specific medications
  • Skincare creams and lotions

Melasma

Melasma is a skin condition, particularly in adults. It results in patchy brown and tan spots on the skin. These spots are likely to show up on your forehead, upper cheeks, and upper lips. Only 10% of men experience Melasma which signifies that women are more prone to this skin condition. 

Melasma could be due to many reasons, like:

  • UV rays from the sun 
  • Birth Control Medications
  • Menopause
  • Hormonal imbalances

Freckles

For years, women have tried to conceal their freckles with various beauty products. Until recently, when beauty vloggers started flexing it and it became a popular beauty trend. 

Freckles are again caused due to the overproduction of melanin. If you have a fair complexion, you are more likely to have freckles than someone with dark skin. These spots are small in size and appear smooth on the skin. 

While freckles are usually harmless, you would still want to get rid of them.

Best Treatment for Dark Spots on Face

While freckles, melasma, and dark spots are varying skin problems, the ways to treat them are pretty much the same. Why? Because hyperpigmentation is the reason behind them all. Fortunately, you can get rid of dark spots on your face. 

The good news is, the best treatment for dark spots on the face includes simple home remedies. In other words, it’s possible to fade these spots using products already stashed in your kitchen! Here are some of these home treatments you can easily do:

Yogurt

Most of us have this dairy product on hand. Yogurt contains natural ingredients and nutrients that promote skin health. The lactic acid in yogurt not only brightens the skin but also moisturizes it. 

Apply a layer of fresh yogurt on your skin and let it dry. Wash it with lukewarm water. Repeat this every three days a week, depending on the severity of the dark spots. 

Turmeric

This wonder flowering plant works well for dark spots. Turmeric has antioxidant properties. Research shows how turmeric extract cream improves the areas of hyperpigmentation. 

You can either mix turmeric powder with water or grind freshly cut turmeric and apply the paste to the skin. 

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Aloe Vera

Want to know a secret tip to home gardening? Always grow aloe plants in the backyard. They come with countless benefits! 

Woman with freckles on face.

Be it acne marks, freckles, or melasma; aloe does the job for you. A 2017 case study shows how women encapsulated with aloe got rid of melasma. 

You can drink fresh aloe juice or apply it to your skin to get its benefits. 

Honey & Lemon Mixture

Vitamin C in lemon protects the skin against sun damage and helps in lightening the skin simultaneously. However, it is essential to note that pure lemon juice doesn’t fit every skin type. 

Some people experience skin irritation and burning. Therefore, it’s best to apply lemon mixed with honey. Honey acts as a skin exfoliator and removes the pigmented skin with healthy skin cells.  

Dermatologist Treatment for Dark Spots on Face

While at-home treatments are pretty effective, you need to consider dermatologist treatment for dark spots on the face if you want quicker results. 

Here are a few treatment options that your doctor might suggest:

  • Before giving any severe treatment, dermatologists are likely to suggest you the use of mineral sunscreens. They successfully block out harmful sun rays that might cause pigmentation. 
  • Skin lightening products with 2% hydroquinone, azelaic acid, koji acid, and Vitamin C. 
  • Microneedling; a process where hair-thin needles are passed inside the skin, which produces collagen, making the skin brighter. 
  • Laser treatment might be costly, but it is the fastest and most effective way to treat dark spots. 

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How to Prevent Dark Spots? 

Prevention is always better than treatment. 

Here are a few ways to prevent dark spots on face:

  • Avoid exposure to the sun in peak morning hours (10 a.m. to 3 p.m.)
  • Wear sunglasses and a hat while out in the sun
  • Apply a layer of mineral sunscreen before leaving home
  • Treat acne before it causes inflammation on your skin
  • Use Vitamin C serum regularly

Wrap Up 

Professional medical treatment for skin conditions can be rather costly. Therefore, it’s best to try out some natural remedies before considering dermatologist treatment for dark spots on the face. 

Even though home remedies may not work as fast as professional treatment, they’re safe and cost-effective; therefore, if you seek the best treatment for dark spots on the face, just sneak into your kitchen!

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