The Cannabis sativa plant has never failed to fascinate scientists and researchers. Every time the researchers go deep into the details, it surprises them with a new card.
We are already familiar with some of the more common cannabinoids extracted from the plant, like THC and CBD. However, these are not the only cannabinoids the plant gives us.
Scientists have identified more than 100 different cannabinoids that come from the Cannabis sativa plant. Among them, we have picked CBG (cannabigerol) and CBN (cannabinol) as the second-best duo after CBD and THC.
Now is the perfect time to learn more about both these useful compounds, their uses, benefits, side effects, dosage, and everything in between these lines.
Here are 4 things that you must know if you are into cannabis and its products.
What Is CBN?
Cannabinol is a rare form of cannabinoids. It is found only in trace amounts in most cannabis plants and is primarily extracted from aged cannabis.
Interestingly, the Cannabis plant does not produce CBN directly, but it generates the compound by a metabolic reaction of THC.
Wondering how? Well, actually, CBN is produced when we expose Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid to ultraviolet light or air for an extended time period.
Scientists have done little research on this compound since its discovery in the 1940s. Therefore, we have less information regarding CBN than other, more widespread cannabinoids like CBD and THC.
More importantly, CBN legality is also an issue of the state, just like legal barricades for other cannabinoids.
As the FDA has not yet approved the use of this compound in treating medical conditions, it cannot be officially prescribed by health professionals (exceptions excluded).
Nevertheless, recent research studies have predicted the future of CBN products as promising.
What Is CBG?
Cannabigerol is a minor cannabinoid obtained from the Cannabis sativa plant. However, like CBD, several different CBG-dominant strains can be bred artificially or naturally.
What’s exciting about this particular cannabinoid is that it is non-intoxicating like CBD. Therefore, using CBG products will not give you a ‘high’ effect.
Moreover, CBG is commonly referred to as the mother of all cannabinoids. That’s because the acidic form of CBG, the cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), gives rise to all other cannabinoids produced by the cannabis plant.
If you’re wondering how this compound works inside your body, its mechanism is similar to CBD. CBG interacts with our endocannabinoid system and causes both beneficial and adverse effects depending on the condition.
Actually, CBG comes from a CBG flower. Let’s take a look at what it is and how it helps
What Is CBG Flower?
We are aware that the natural abundance of cannabigerol in the plant’s extract is tiny. That’s because while giving rise to other compounds as a parent cannabinoid, it gets reduced.
So, how does a CBG flower help in this regard? Actually, it is a flower blooming on a specially bred plant, which contains a higher proportion of cannabigerol than a natural cannabis or hemp plant.
The flower is mainly used to generate CBG isolate.
1. CBN vs CBG: What Are the Benefits?
Moving forward, you might come across lots of heated debates going on about CBN and CBG benefits. If you’re a newbie looking for some information about these cannabinoids, these arguments may have confused you a lot, right?
For your ease, we’ve gathered all the similarities and differences between both cannabinoids and put them all right here. Let’s start with the benefits of CBN:
What is CBN good for? This compound offers 4 proven benefits, and we will be discussing them one by one.
- Sleep Aid
Earlier, CBN was primarily used to help with sleep, as the market only knew this compound as a sleep aid. Luckily, it has maintained its reputation till now.
In a study by Steep Hill Labs, it was identified that CBN has potential sedative, inflammatory, and pain-relieving properties – all of which stimulate an excellent sleep.
- Potential Appetite Benefits
For a long time, people have been using THC to increase their appetite. However, it has a significant drawback – the notorious intoxicating effect.
So is CBN psychoactive? No, and it is still helpful in promoting appetite. This particular property gives it a cutting edge over its relatives. We can consume cannabinol instead of THC to increase our appetite without getting high at the same time.
- Helpful in Several Neurodegenerative Conditions
Like CBD and THC, CBN has also shown benefits in alleviating some of the symptoms of ALS (or Lou Gehrig’s disease), like inflammation and muscle spasms. Moreover, the compound also helps with other neurodegenerative conditions.
So, we can smartly use CBN along with regular products like vapes and oils. This way, it will help our mind to relax without causing any hassle in administering the drug.
- Antimicrobial Qualities
Recently, scientists did a piece of research to investigate this particular effect of the compound. They believe that CBN could potentially help in the treatment of MRSA, which is normally resistant to standard antibiotics.
However, little to no attention was given to this specific impact, as the compound is implausible to use as an antimicrobial agent.
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The CBG benefits are somewhat similar to CBD. Take a look at these scientifically proven benefits of CBG:
- Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Cannabigerol has shown assuring effects in treating inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn’s disease. According to the research, these diseases can be pretty painful, and the compound provides relief in managing the symptoms.
- Neuroinflammation in Chronic Model of Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis can be very hard to manage sometimes, especially when it reaches the chronic stages. Fortunately, CBG derived medication has shown quite promising results in helping medical professionals reduce the symptoms, including neuroinflammation.
- Fights Against Cancer Cells
A 2014 study proved that CBG could also help in fighting cancer cells. It does so by blocking the receptors that stimulate the growth of cancer cells, including colorectal cancer cells, which cause colon cancer.
- Reducing Intraocular Pressure – Treating Glaucoma
The endocannabinoid receptors in our eyes are crucial for maintaining intraocular pressure. Several cannabinoids went through tests and trials, but CBG showed the best results.
These tests have made a clear statement that cannabigerol has therapeutic potential in treating glaucoma. However, the exploration of new uses is subject to further research.
- Anti-Inflammatory Qualities
According to a 2018 study, both CBG and CBD showed strong anti-inflammatory effects. As a result, the property caught the eye of researchers, and since then, several such types of research are underway.
- Treating Loss of Appetite
As you have read earlier about CBN benefits in increasing appetite, you definitely know the endocannabinoid system’s role in regulating our appetite. Likewise, a 2016 study conducted on mice strengthened the CBG’s appetite-stimulating properties as well.
2. CBN vs CBG: Risks and Side Effects
Of course, the benefits of both compounds sound tempting, but you should watch out for their side effects too. Although the adverse effects aren’t that serious, you should avoid them occurring in the first place.
CBN Side Effects
Like all other cannabinoids, CBN does not have specific side effects when used within a safe limit. But it can cause a few of these complications if misused:
It is important to note that CBN for anxiety has not yet been proven successful. However, we are hopeful for more results after further research.
CBG Side Effects
You may not find sufficient research conducted on CBG. But fortunately, one study has suggested that the compound has little to no side effects, and it coped up well with the subjects’ homeostasis.
However, doctors and medical researchers still advise never to self-prescribe cannabigerol oil.
This is because the cannabinoid interacts with other medicines that you might be taking for any condition. CBG alone has no side effects, but it can lead to deteriorating effects when it reacts with drugs having grapefruit warnings.
Here are some of the medicines that DO NOT go well with cannabigerol:
- Blood thinners
- Blood Pressure medicines
3. CBN vs CBG: The Best Administration Method
Since CBG and CBN both have exceptional antimicrobial properties, you can use their products to prevent several infectious diseases.
You may be wondering what type of administration will yield better results. There is no hard and fast rule to follow in the consumption of either of the compounds.
Let’s talk about CBG first; you can go for CBG-infused topicals, capsules, oil tinctures, and even vapes to get the benefits. If you’re suffering from any digestive issues, you can add a few drops of CBG oil to your meals and treat your condition.
On the other hand, you can go for CBN vapes and oils to treat insomnia or any sleep-related issues. Moreover, CBN also has potential neuroprotective and appetite-increasing impacts, so you can consume any CBN product to treat them as well.
Unfortunately, you won’t find CBN’s product range as wide as CBG’s.
On the bright side, you can combine CBN and CBG products to have a good night’s sleep.
4. CBN vs CBG: The Right Dosage
So after you buy a CBN or CBG product, it’s recommended that you should refer to a credible dosage calculator for information about the right dose.
If you want to stay on the safe side, consult your doctor first before using any CBN or CBG product.
However, if you want to start on your own, you must look for products manufactured by the trusted brands. Typically, these products have dosage mentioned on them.
Else, we suggest you start with a smaller dosage and then increase it gradually according to how your body reacts to the product.
CBG, CBD, and CBN
There are several cannabinoids extracted from Cannabis sativa.
Furthermore, most of them resemble each other but are not actually similar. That’s because their structures have basic similarities, but they vary at molecular levels.
Surprisingly, all the different compounds extracted from cannabis plants have separate chemical properties. Similarly, CBD, CBN, and CBG compounds differ in both ways, structurally and chemically.
The key difference between the three cannabinoids is their psychoactive properties. CBD and CBG come under non-psychoactive compounds, whereas CBN is mildly psychoactive as it is an oxidized version of THC.
Moreover, all three compounds have some similar yet a few different therapeutic effects.
You can use CBN as a sleep aid as it calms and relaxes your body, just like CBD. On the other hand, CBG gives more of a lively and pain-relieving effect when consumed.
Since they somehow have similar benefits as well, you can mix up the three and enjoy a triple effect, commonly known as the entourage effect.
Despite the compounds’ individual benefits, researchers now believe that a person can get additional therapeutic effects if he takes CBG, CBN, and CBD together.
If this turns out to be true, you can indeed add CBN or CBG to your CBD products to increase their effectiveness.
If you don’t know, various cannabis manufacturers are already capitalizing on the entourage effect. The highly effective full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD products that you see in the market have CBG, CBN, and other cannabinoids in their ingredients.
All these components work together to treat your condition, strengthening the efficacy of the entourage effect.
So if you want to make your next CBD dose more powerful, you can always mix CBD isolate, CBN isolates, and CBG isolates products together.
The Final Verdict
Cannabinoids are proving to be a revolutionary class of compounds for treating several medical conditions.
After the widespread use of CBD, other cannabinoids are in the queue to be successful. Luckily, the CBG and CBN benefits are more than enough to convince scientists to perform further research on both rare compounds.
\When it comes to using CBD, CBG, or CBN, you should always refer to a medical professional before self-administering, as health should be your utmost priority.