US Medical Marijuana Laws – What You Need to Know

Several states have medical marijuana programs in the US. Although, the use of cannabis is illegal, according to federal law. These programs help qualified patients to access cannabis.

The patients can get products from state-sanctioned dispensaries. However, the advice of a qualified medical professional is necessary.

The medical marijuana program varies from state to state. Each program has its unique attributes. Also, the nature of marijuana legislation keeps on changing.

People need to stay up to date regarding legalization. Leafly in a post discusses medical marijuana in the US.

Medical Marijuana

Due to cannabinoids, cannabis is medicinal. They are chemical compounds found in the plant. From the cannabis plant, we acquire medicine. Moreover, medical marijuana helps treat specific diseases and health conditions. 

Furthermore, legislation has passed through the government of states with medical marijuana programs. It means that the states will allow the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes. Also, the rules of growing, selling, and using medical cannabis are unique.

Medical Marijuana Program

The program runs independently in each state. Also, the state legislature governs everything. From the formats of cannabis to the number of cannabis plants patients can grow.

Several states where marijuana is illegal for recreational use do not give people full access. The programs in these states are still exclusive to medical marijuana patients.

The program provides them with great cultivation allowances, higher potency products. Also, at one time, the ability to purchase more cannabis.

Qualifying Conditions

Patients may seek medical marijuana to help treat ailments. The list of qualifying conditions varies from state to state. Below we have discussed some of the most common ones.

Seizure and Epilepsy

Cannabis has anti-seizure properties and it is widely known for it. It contains a non-intoxicating compound called cannabidiol (CBD). According to a 2018 study, it reduces the frequency of the seizure.

There are chances that several states may approve cannabis. Specifically CBD for treating minors suffering from pediatric epilepsy.


Several states acknowledge that cannabis can subside cancer and chemotherapy symptoms. However, researchers are exploring the possibility that it may treat cancer itself.

Additionally, it can lessen the symptoms of appetite loss, pain, and nausea. Moreover, many patients prefer cannabis products that contain a balance of THC or CBD. They believe that these products help with cancer-related symptoms.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Patients that have multiple sclerosis are the strongest advocates. They have experienced the benefits of cannabis. Also, it can ease many symptoms associated with MS. For instance:

  • Pain
  • Insomnia
  • Inflammation
  • Muscle spasms
  • Intestinal discomfort
  • Depression


Cannabis can treat HIV/AIDS symptoms. People know that cannabis consumption can help offset the effects of appetite loss, nausea, and fatigue. 

In the US, it rooted the earliest and most effective medical cannabis advocacy.

Neurodegenerative Disease

When it comes to neurodegenerative diseases, medical cannabis is widely approved. Lou Gehrig’s Disease (ALS), Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Huntington’s, and glaucoma are types of this disease.

Cannabis can help restore quality of life. It does that by improving cognition and mobility. Moreover, it relieves spasticity and rigid muscles.


The states have approved several different types of pain as a qualifying condition. Furthermore, cannabis has a different effect on each type of pain. Moreover, cannabis products that have both THC and CBD tend to be most effective.


For medical cannabis, a commonly approved condition is nausea. Although, its definition varies from state to state.

For nausea at a broad level, some states approve cannabis. On the other hand, some states require “intractable” or “severe” symptoms. THC is known to relieve nausea and vomiting.

However, be careful about the dose because too much THC can worsen nausea.

Cachexia/ Wasting Syndrome

It is a condition that accompanies cancer and HIV/AIDs. Also, you can identify it by weight and appetite loss with fatigue and weakness.

It is no surprise that it could help with this. Cannabis has the potential to ease these symptoms. It is why many states have included cachexia in their list.


PTSD is an anxiety disorder and it may cause panic episodes, mood, and sleep disturbances. The right dose and high levels of PTSD can ease PTSD-related anxiety. Furthermore, patients that need help to fall asleep take cannabis before bedtime.

Medical Marijuana Card Benefits

Across the nation, the states are legalizing adult-use cannabis. Several people wonder what will be the impact on medical cannabis dispensaries and cardholders.

Furthermore, people wonder, is it worth it to visit a doctor for a medical card? To walk into a recreational dispensary and legally purchase cannabis. What are the benefits?

Yes is the answer to all these questions. Medical cannabis cardholders will have many benefits. It will support patients for their ongoing care.

Costs And Taxes

Medical dispensaries in several states are offering lower costs for patients. For people relying on cannabis for medical issues, it is important. Moreover, recreational shops do not allow concessions for patients.

Medical cards make patients’ healthcare more affordable and accessible. Also, in Colorado, patients avoid the 10% retail marijuana tax and 15% excise tax.

Potency Limits

When it comes to medical cannabis, the dosage is essential. Also, high-strength cannabis is needed to ease symptoms. Medical dispensaries have more leeway compared to recreational shops when it comes to potency limits.

Recreational dispensaries in California have a limit of 1,000mg of cannabinoids per package. It includes tinctures or lotions. However, the threshold is high in medical dispensaries up to 2,000mg, per package.

Moreover, each state has different potency limits.

Growing Medicine

Not all but many states allow patients to grow medicine at home. Moreover, for medical patients, the amount is often higher compared to recreational consumers.

For instance, in Oregon, medical growers can grow up to six plants. Also, recreational growers can have only four plants.

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Patients Under 21

People under the age of 21 cannot buy cannabis. However, some medical cards allow underage people legal access to cannabis medicine. Minors with the assistance of a caregiver have access to medical cannabis.

It depends on the medical cannabis program of the state.

Out-of-State Cards

Not every state allows people to use out-of-state medical marijuana cards. Following are some of those that do it.


The medical marijuana program runs independently in each state. Additionally, there is a list of conditions that qualify medical marijuana for treatment. Some of the most common are seizure, epilepsy, HIV/AIDS, MS, pain, and cancer.

Medical marijuana patients have access to great cultivation allowances and higher potency products. Moreover, they can purchase more than one product at a time.

Furthermore, there are many benefits for medical marijuana cardholders. There is a decrease in cost and taxes and an increase in potency limit. Also, they can grow up to six plants at home.

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