The human body is in itself a miracle. The network of blood vessels that run all along the body, all jumbled, entwining even in the most distant cells. Alongside the nerves that take the brain’s message to each part of the body and vice versa.
Despite the complexity these thin tubes run, they don’t intertwine and run smoothly, performing the body’s two most essential functions. It is miraculous the way that electricity runs throughout our very own, very human body.
Moreover, our body maintains all that it needs in the required amounts and simultaneously carries out many functions.
The perfect harmony with which all the cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems work in our body is the most awe-inspiring. Moreover, the fact that one of the essential components in the existence of humans is water.
The fact that a liquid compound makes up the majority of a solid body is baffling. Furthermore, the functions that this single compound covers in different regions and forms of the body are numerous.
Today gives an account of the importance of drinking a sufficient amount of water to prevent dehydration.
Benefits and Functions of Water
Water is essential for the normal functioning of the human body. It typically regulates all bodily functions through the water potential.
A few of its functions include regulating the body temperature, moistening the tissues of the eyes, nose, and mouth, transporting nutrients and oxygen to each cell, and protecting the organs and tissues.
Moreover, it lubricates joints, dissolves the mineral and nutrients, relieves the burden on kidneys and liver by detoxifying and flushing the excretory product from the body.
Other than the above-mentioned functions, water also protects the spinal cord and brain in the form of cerebrospinal fluid. It provides cushioning effects and reduces shock in case of accidents.
It is important for digestion as well as aids in breaking down food. Without water, the breakdown of glucose into ATP (energy) would not be possible.
Uniquely, making up 75% of the brain, water is vital in maintaining the functions such as memory, attention, reflexes. Additionally, it is important for cardiac health as it makes up 90% of the blood plasma.
In research published in the Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, scientists found that people who consumed 1% more water than usual ate calories and less saturated fat, sugar, sodium, and cholesterol.
Dehydration – What Does It Look Like?
Dehydration occurs when there is an imbalance in the amount of water entering and leaving the body. In our body, all the functions occur under a homeostatic condition, i.e., when the body’s internal environment is stable.
When even the minute concentrations of hormones fluctuate above the normal range, the body reacts adversely.
Water makes up 75% of the human body; if it goes lower than the required amount, the body’s functioning is affected.
Throughout the day, we lose water in sweat, perspiration, urine, and feces. However, the thirst mechanism of our body works simultaneously to replace this lost water. Even the low levels of dehydration are enough to show symptoms.
Causes of dehydration are diarrhea, vomiting, sweating, diabetes, frequent urination, burns, and not drinking water for a very long period in warm conditions.
Furthermore, athletes, people who live at higher altitudes, children, and older people are at a higher risk of having dehydration.
Additionally, chronic illnesses such as diabetes, adrenal gland disorders, cystic fibrosis, and kidney diseases increase the chances of getting dehydration.
Also, a few dangerous side effects of dehydration are:
- Increased risk of stroke
- Mood swings
- Overeating and sugar cravings
- Unhealthy, dry skin
- Slow metabolism
- Weight gain
- Less effective workouts
Indications of Lack of Water
A few giveaways that indicate that your water consumption is not sufficient to include having a bad breath persistently. It is a consequence of not the accumulation of bacteria and food particles which typically washes away.
Also, the dry mucous membranes lead to dry mouth, i.e., lack of saliva. It can make talking, swallowing, and even breathing more painful.
Secondly, falling ill frequently or having constipation indicates less water consumption as water is essential in ensuring that stool can easily move through the digestive tract. Moreover, water also flushes the toxins, pathogens, and waste from the body.
Among other things, water is also important in keeping the skin fresh, vibrant, and healthy. It gives elasticity to the skin and plumps it. Lack of water leads to wrinkles, saggy skin, fine lines, and dryness.
Hunger pangs or sugar cravings after recently having a meal are also indicators of lack of water. As the body cannot break down food, it craves foods high in carbohydrates and sugar.
However, the most explicit indication of not having enough water in the body is having fewer amounts of dark, foul-smelling urine.
The kidneys try to retain more water for their proper functioning; this leads to more concentrated urine and increases the chances of UTI.
Complications and Prevention
Dehydration, if left unattended for too long, can prove to be fatal. Otherwise, it can also lead to other complications, a few of which are:
- Seizures or stroke due to electrolytic loss
- Low volume of blood
- Heat injury (heat exhaustion, heat cramps, heat stroke)
- Renal failure
A few measures that one can implement to prevent dehydration are:
- Seeking medical attention in case of diarrhea and vomiting; increasing fluid intake
- Eating fruits and vegetables high in water content
- Drinking water before having meals
- Drinking water before workout sessions
- Wearing weather appropriate clothes
Signs You Are Dehydrated
Today talks about 9 evident signs that you are dehydrated. In the article, references to scientific research are given proving the symptoms of being dehydrated as follows:
- Feeling thirsty or having a dry sticky mouth are indicators of dehydration, as thirst is seen as the body’s response to lack of water. Additionally, having low energy levels, feeling confused and angry are also symptoms.
- Dry eyes, disorientation, blurred vision, and headaches are all signals of dehydration. A few other symptoms include the darker color of urine, fever, lack of sweat, dry skin, and muscle cramps are some other indicators of dehydration.
Our health and wellness mainly depend on ourselves. It is up to us how much we take care of our body’s needs.
Moreover, we need to realize the importance of the little things we deem ignorable. Nevertheless, this is only possible if we take out time to educate ourselves.